This paper presents a low-power megapixel image sensor design. In this paper, a column-parallel 11-bit two-step quantization scheme is proposed. It consists of a 3-bit single-slope analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and an 8-bit successive approximation register (SAR) ADC. The power consumption of the column-parallel circuitry is significantly reduced when compared with the traditional single-slope ADC and other low-power ADC schemes because smaller SAR ADC reference voltages are selected after quantizing the first three most significant bits. In addition, as only an 8-bit SAR ADC is required in the proposed quantization scheme, the capacitor array matching can be greatly relaxed compared with an 11-bit SAR ADC thus, resulting in noncalibration feature. A 1200 × 800 pixel resolution color CMOS image sensor (CIS) is fabricated using TSMC 0.18-μ CIS technology. The measurement result shows that the total power consumption figure-of-merit of this research is only 1.33 mW/megapixel/frame under 3.3-V (analog)/1.8-V (digital) power supply.
- CMOS image sensor
- Low power
- Single slope
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials