Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Synthetase 1 Role in Sepsis and Immunity: Perspectives From a Parallel Review of Public Transcriptome Datasets and of the Literature

Jessica Roelands, Mathieu Garand, Emily Hinchcliff, Ying Ma, Parin Shah, Mohammed Toufiq, Mohamed Alfaki, Wouter Hendrickx, Sabri Boughorbel, Darawan Rinchai, Amir Jazaeri, Davide Bedognetti, Damien Chaussabel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


A potential role for the long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase family member 1 (ACSL1) in the immunobiology of sepsis was explored during a hands-on training workshop. Participants first assessed the robustness of the potential gap in biomedical knowledge identified via an initial screen of public transcriptome data and of the literature associated with ACSL1. Increase in ACSL1 transcript abundance during sepsis was confirmed in several independent datasets. Querying the ACSL1 literature also confirmed the absence of reports associating ACSL1 with sepsis. Inferences drawn from both the literature (via indirect associations) and public transcriptome data (via correlation) point to the likely participation of ACSL1 and ACSL4, another family member, in inflammasome activation in neutrophils during sepsis. Furthermore, available clinical data indicate that levels of ACSL1 and ACSL4 induction was significantly higher in fatal cases of sepsis. This denotes potential translational relevance and is consistent with involvement in pathways driving potentially deleterious systemic inflammation. Finally, while ACSL1 expression was induced in blood in vitro by a wide range of pathogen-derived factors as well as TNF, induction of ACSL4 appeared restricted to flagellated bacteria and pathogen-derived TLR5 agonists and IFNG. Taken together, this joint review of public literature and omics data records points to two members of the acyl-CoA synthetase family potentially playing a role in inflammasome activation in neutrophils. Translational relevance of these observations in the context of sepsis and other inflammatory conditions remain to be investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2410
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2019



  • lipid metabolism
  • long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase
  • neutrophils
  • OMICS data
  • sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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