Local content requirements in oil and gas contracts: regional trends in the Middle East and North Africa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Resource-rich countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, especially Gulf countries–Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)–are increasingly introducing local content requirements (LCRs) into their legal framework, through legislation, regulations, guidelines, industry contracts and bidding practices. Despite the clear and uniform overall policy drivers of LCRs in the MENA region, approaches taken to enforce LCRs vary and must be carefully understood and clarified to avoid misalignments and contractual mismatch between governments and international companies. This article examines how local content requirements have evolved in the MENA region. It provides a comparative analysis and profile of LCRs in MENA countries, in order to determine prevailing preferences and legal risk points. It concludes with recommendations on how investors and national authorities can evolve collaborative and achievable LCRs that minimise disputes and legal risks.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Energy and Natural Resources Law
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

North Africa
East Africa
Middle East
trend
Gases
Industry
Qatar
Oman
Kuwait
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
mismatch
Iraq
investor
Iran
Oils
driver
legislation
regulation
industry

Keywords

  • local content
  • MENA
  • Middle East
  • North Africa
  • petroleum contracts
  • procurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Law

Cite this

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