Lithium-sulfur batteries

Linda F. Nazar, Marine Cuisinier, Quan Pang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Markets for energy storage that go beyond portable electronics have emerged rapidly this decade, including powering electric vehicles and leveling the grid fed by renewable sources such as solar energy, which are intermittent in supply. These new demands require a significant step-up in energy density that will probably not be met by Li-ion batteries; estimates suggest they are starting to approach their theoretical limits. But in the world of beyond Li-ion, the options are limited. One of the most hopeful is the Li-S battery, for which greater energy storage can potentially be realized through phase-transformation chemistry using elemental sulfur as a positive electrode material, which converts to lithium sulfide. These future generation systems offer up to a five-fold increased specific energy and greatly reduced cost factors, but commercialization has been hindered owing to key challenges. Efforts over the last two years to better manipulate the cell chemistry and overcome these challenges are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-442
Number of pages7
JournalMRS Bulletin
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

lithium sulfur batteries
energy storage
Energy storage
electric batteries
chemistry
commercialization
leveling
solar energy
electrode materials
Electric vehicles
Sulfur
Solar energy
phase transformations
sulfides
vehicles
ions
Lithium
Electronic equipment
sulfur
flux density

Keywords

  • Energy storage
  • Li
  • S

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Lithium-sulfur batteries. / Nazar, Linda F.; Cuisinier, Marine; Pang, Quan.

In: MRS Bulletin, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2014, p. 436-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nazar, LF, Cuisinier, M & Pang, Q 2014, 'Lithium-sulfur batteries', MRS Bulletin, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2014.86
Nazar, Linda F. ; Cuisinier, Marine ; Pang, Quan. / Lithium-sulfur batteries. In: MRS Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 5. pp. 436-442.
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