Linkage of serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate to chromosome 2 in Utah pedigrees

Steven C. Hunt, Hilary Coon, Sandra J. Hasstedt, Richard M. Cawthon, Nicola J. Camp, Lily L. Wu, Paul N. Hopkins

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32 Citations (Scopus)


Background Serum creatinine and creatinine clearance are used as indicators of renal function and may indicate a propensity for development of end-stage renal disease. Identifying genes related to future decreases in renal function could be important in assessing risk and defining abnormal mechanisms amenable to preventive measures. Although creatinine clearance is a better measure of renal function than serum creatinine, proper and complete urine collections in large population studies are sometimes problematic. This can lead to a loss in power to detect linkage. Therefore, in this study we also investigated serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates (GFR), both of which are more reliably measured. Methods Linkage was tested in a genome scan using 49 large Utah pedigrees examined three times over 10 years to detect regions harboring genes related to reduced renal function. Results Heritability of serum creatinine ranged from 25% to 31% across three examinations, and heritability of GFR ranged from 37% to 42%. The highest log of the odds (LOD) score for serum creatinine was found on chromosome 2 at 145 cM on the Marshfield map (D2S1334). Consistent nonparametric linkage for serum creatinine was found for all three examinations (LOD = 3.15, 2.75, and 2.00, respectively). Estimates of GFR also showed linkage to this region. Conclusions The consistency of linkage to chromosome 2 over longitudinally repeated measurements increases the likelihood that this region harbors a gene influencing phenotypic variation in serum creatinine and GFR. Identification of this gene could help to predict which individuals are most likely to progress to renal disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-515
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004



  • Creatinine clearance
  • glomerular filtration rate
  • linkage analysis
  • pedigrees
  • renal disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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