Limited heterogeneity of biased T-cell receptor Vβ gene usage in lung but not blood T cells in active pulmonary sarcoidosis

R. F. Silver, R. G. Crystal, D. R. Moller

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Abstract

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder characterized by non-caseating granulomas and the accumulation of CD4+ T cells in involved tissues such as the lung. To evaluate the diversity of the CD4+ T-cell repertoire in this disorder, a detailed clonal analysis was performed in five individuals with active sarcoidosis who demonstrated preferential accumulation of T cells expressing the T-cell receptor variable gene family Vβ8 in either the lung or blood. In three individuals, analysis of unselected samples of nucleotide sequences derived from Vβ8+ lung T cells demonstrated degrees of clonality ranging from 11% to 46%, indicating the expansion of limited numbers of Vβ8+ T-cell clones in the lung. Analysis of the corresponding deduced amino acid sequences demonstrated common VDJ junctional amino acid residues in the dominant Vβ8+ T-cell clones derived from two oligoclonal Vβ8+ lung T-cell populations, consistent with an antigen-specific T-cell response. In contrast, analysis of Vβ8+ CD4+ T cells from the blood of an individual with a marked bias for peripheral blood Vβ8+ T cells demonstrated no evidence of oligoclonality, suggesting that the stimulus for circulating biased Vβ-specific T cells in sarcoidosis may derive from a different, perhaps superantigenic, origin. Clinical improvement in the disease either in response to treatment with corticosteroids or as a result of spontaneous resolution was associated with a decrease in the proportion of Vβ8-specific T cells in the biased lung and/or blood T-cell compartments. Together, these observations are consistent with a role for this T-cell subset in the clinical manifestations of active granulomatous disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)516-523
Number of pages8
JournalImmunology
Volume88
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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