Lenient morphological analysis

Kemal Oflazer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper presents a scheme that allows one to relax the all-or-none nature of two-level constraints in two-level morphology in a controlled manner, so that word forms with violations of some of the two-level constraints can be analyzed and ranked. The problem has been motivated by a recent phenomenon in Turkish with imported words that violate a fundamental assumption of Turkish that pronunciation and orthography have almost a one-to-one correspondence, and by a problem in Basque words with differing amounts of competence errors. We present the formulation of our proposal, and provide details of implementations for both problems using the XRCE Finite State Toolkit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-99
Number of pages13
JournalNatural Language Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software

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