Learning mnemonics: roles of aging and subtle cognitive impairment.

J. A. Yesavage, Javaid Sheikh, L. Friedman, E. Tanke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previously validated methods of memory training were used in conjunction with the Folstein Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to explore the relationship between complexity of learned mnemonic, aging, and subtle cognitive impairment. Subjects were 218 community-dwelling elderly. Treatment included imagery mnemonics for remembering names and faces and lists. There was a significant interaction among age, type of learning task (face-name vs. list), and improvement when controlling for MMSE score. There was also a significant interaction among MMSE score, type of learning task, and improvement when controlling for age. Scores on the more complex list-learning mnemonic were more affected by age and MMSE scores than were scores on the face-name mnemonic. Implications of the findings for cognitive training of the old old and the impaired are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1990
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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