Learn-and-Match Molecular Cations for Perovskites

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Abstract

Forecasting the structural stability of hybrid organic/inorganic compounds, where polyatomic molecules replace atoms, is a challenging task; the composition space is vast, and the reference structure for the organic molecules is ambiguously defined. In this work, we use a range of machine-learning algorithms, constructed from state-of-the-art density functional theory data, to conduct a systematic analysis on the likelihood of a given cation to be housed in the perovskite structure. In particular, we consider both ABC3 chalcogenide (I-V-VI3) and halide (I-II-VII3) perovskites. We find that the effective atomic radius and the number of lone pairs residing on the A-site cation are sufficient features to describe the perovskite phase stability. Thus, the presented machine-learning approach provides an efficient way to map the phase stability of the vast class of compounds, including situations where a cation mixture replaces a single A-site cation. This work demonstrates that advanced electronic structure theory combined with machine-learning analysis can provide an efficient strategy superior to the conventional trial-and-error approach in materials design.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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perovskites
machine learning
Cations
Learning systems
cations
Phase stability
Inorganic compounds
inorganic compounds
Molecules
polyatomic molecules
structural stability
forecasting
Learning algorithms
Electronic structure
halides
Density functional theory
density functional theory
electronic structure
Atoms
radii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Learn-and-Match Molecular Cations for Perovskites",
abstract = "Forecasting the structural stability of hybrid organic/inorganic compounds, where polyatomic molecules replace atoms, is a challenging task; the composition space is vast, and the reference structure for the organic molecules is ambiguously defined. In this work, we use a range of machine-learning algorithms, constructed from state-of-the-art density functional theory data, to conduct a systematic analysis on the likelihood of a given cation to be housed in the perovskite structure. In particular, we consider both ABC3 chalcogenide (I-V-VI3) and halide (I-II-VII3) perovskites. We find that the effective atomic radius and the number of lone pairs residing on the A-site cation are sufficient features to describe the perovskite phase stability. Thus, the presented machine-learning approach provides an efficient way to map the phase stability of the vast class of compounds, including situations where a cation mixture replaces a single A-site cation. This work demonstrates that advanced electronic structure theory combined with machine-learning analysis can provide an efficient strategy superior to the conventional trial-and-error approach in materials design.",
author = "Heesoo Park and RaghvenPhDa Mall and Fahhad Alharbi and Stefano Sanvito and Nouar Tabet and Halima Bensmail and Fadwa El-Mellouhi",
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AU - Park, Heesoo

AU - Mall, RaghvenPhDa

AU - Alharbi, Fahhad

AU - Sanvito, Stefano

AU - Tabet, Nouar

AU - Bensmail, Halima

AU - El-Mellouhi, Fadwa

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Forecasting the structural stability of hybrid organic/inorganic compounds, where polyatomic molecules replace atoms, is a challenging task; the composition space is vast, and the reference structure for the organic molecules is ambiguously defined. In this work, we use a range of machine-learning algorithms, constructed from state-of-the-art density functional theory data, to conduct a systematic analysis on the likelihood of a given cation to be housed in the perovskite structure. In particular, we consider both ABC3 chalcogenide (I-V-VI3) and halide (I-II-VII3) perovskites. We find that the effective atomic radius and the number of lone pairs residing on the A-site cation are sufficient features to describe the perovskite phase stability. Thus, the presented machine-learning approach provides an efficient way to map the phase stability of the vast class of compounds, including situations where a cation mixture replaces a single A-site cation. This work demonstrates that advanced electronic structure theory combined with machine-learning analysis can provide an efficient strategy superior to the conventional trial-and-error approach in materials design.

AB - Forecasting the structural stability of hybrid organic/inorganic compounds, where polyatomic molecules replace atoms, is a challenging task; the composition space is vast, and the reference structure for the organic molecules is ambiguously defined. In this work, we use a range of machine-learning algorithms, constructed from state-of-the-art density functional theory data, to conduct a systematic analysis on the likelihood of a given cation to be housed in the perovskite structure. In particular, we consider both ABC3 chalcogenide (I-V-VI3) and halide (I-II-VII3) perovskites. We find that the effective atomic radius and the number of lone pairs residing on the A-site cation are sufficient features to describe the perovskite phase stability. Thus, the presented machine-learning approach provides an efficient way to map the phase stability of the vast class of compounds, including situations where a cation mixture replaces a single A-site cation. This work demonstrates that advanced electronic structure theory combined with machine-learning analysis can provide an efficient strategy superior to the conventional trial-and-error approach in materials design.

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