Forecasting the structural stability of hybrid organic/inorganic compounds, where polyatomic molecules replace atoms, is a challenging task; the composition space is vast, and the reference structure for the organic molecules is ambiguously defined. In this work, we use a range of machine-learning algorithms, constructed from state-of-the-art density functional theory data, to conduct a systematic analysis on the likelihood of a given cation to be housed in the perovskite structure. In particular, we consider both ABC3 chalcogenide (I-V-VI3) and halide (I-II-VII3) perovskites. We find that the effective atomic radius and the number of lone pairs residing on the A-site cation are sufficient features to describe the perovskite phase stability. Thus, the presented machine-learning approach provides an efficient way to map the phase stability of the vast class of compounds, including situations where a cation mixture replaces a single A-site cation. This work demonstrates that advanced electronic structure theory combined with machine-learning analysis can provide an efficient strategy superior to the conventional trial-and-error approach in materials design.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry