Late exercise training improves non-uniformity of transmural myocardial function in rats with ischaemic heart failure

Younss Aït Mou, Cyril Reboul, Lucas Andre, Alain Lacampagne, Olivier Cazorla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The exercise-induced beneficial mechanisms after long-term myocardial infarction (MI) are incompletely understood. The present study evaluated the effect of treadmill exercise training (5 weeks), started at a late stage of heart failure (HF) (13 weeks post-MI), on rat left ventricle remodelling and dysfunction of the regional global and cellular contractile functions. Methods and results: In vivo echocardiography confirmed that sub-endocardial (ENDO) layers contract more (+86%) and faster (+50%) than the sub-epicardial (EPI) layers. This gradient was lost in MI rats due to a predominant reduction in the ENDO layer contractility. Exercise partially restored the amplitude and velocity of ENDO contraction, resulting in a partial recovery of the pump function indexed by the aortic blood-flow velocity time integral. At the cellular level, MI impaired ENDO contractile properties by reducing cell shortening (10-7%), calcium transient, and myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity. These alterations were normalized by exercise. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca 2+-ATPase (SERCA)2a expression and myosin light chain (MLC)-2 phosphorylation in ENDO cells were significantly reduced after MI and were restored by exercise. The EPI layer was only slightly reduced in vivo without cellular alterations. Conclusion: This study shows that exercise performed at a late stage after MI restored a transmural non-uniformity of myocardium lost during HF. Recoveries of Ca2+ homeostasis and myofilament function of cardiomyocytes contribute to this beneficial effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-564
Number of pages10
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Heart Failure
Myocardial Infarction
Exercise
Myofibrils
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases
Ventricular Remodeling
Blood Flow Velocity
Recovery of Function
Cardiac Myocytes
Echocardiography
Myocardium
Homeostasis
Phosphorylation
Calcium

Keywords

  • Contraction
  • End-stage heart failure
  • Exercise
  • Myocardial contractility
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

Cite this

Late exercise training improves non-uniformity of transmural myocardial function in rats with ischaemic heart failure. / Mou, Younss Aït; Reboul, Cyril; Andre, Lucas; Lacampagne, Alain; Cazorla, Olivier.

In: Cardiovascular Research, Vol. 81, No. 3, 01.02.2009, p. 555-564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mou, Younss Aït ; Reboul, Cyril ; Andre, Lucas ; Lacampagne, Alain ; Cazorla, Olivier. / Late exercise training improves non-uniformity of transmural myocardial function in rats with ischaemic heart failure. In: Cardiovascular Research. 2009 ; Vol. 81, No. 3. pp. 555-564.
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