Laser beam lithography of metal oxide electrodes for PZT memory applications

Jarrod L. Norton, Said A. Mansour, G. L. Liedl, Arden L. Bement, Elliott B. Slamovich, C. Venkatraman

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)


Current metal/metal oxide patterning techniques typically involve photolithography, an expensive, time-consuming process, and/or a vacuum system, which also adds significantly to the cost. In this study, fabrication of metal oxide upper electrodes for Pb(ZrxTi1x)O3 (PZT) memories by metallorganic decomposition (MOD) was coupled with laser beam patterning. Metal oxide organic precursors were treated with an absorption-enhancing dye and were spun on to ferroelectric PZT films followed by selective area laser beam exposure. This technique was employed to pattern RuO2 and (La,Sr)CoO3 electrodes. A variety of patterns (dot, line, and circular) were prepared which demonstrates the suitability of laser patterning for a variety of applications. The minimum power density required to generate a continuous conductive oxide pattern was found to be approximately 2.5 kW/cm2 at a scan speed of 25 mm/min. Resistivity values for the patterned lines were 660 Ω-cm for RuO2 and 59 mΩ-cm for LSCO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
EventProceedings of the 1995 MRS Spring Meeting - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: 17 Apr 199520 Apr 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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