Kirkendall Effect vs Corrosion of Silver Nanocrystals by Atomic Oxygen

From Solid Metal Silver to Nanoporous Silver Oxide

Abdel Aziz El Mel, Nicolas Stephant, Leopoldo Molina-Luna, Eric Gautron, Yousef Haik, Nouar Tabet, Pierre Yves Tessier, Romain Gautier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The corrosion of silver upon exposure to atomic oxygen is a unique effect reported in the 1980s and was highly studied to overcome the fast degradation of space shuttles in low earth orbit. In this work, we explored the conversion mechanisms of nanostructures from solid silver to nanoporous silver oxide upon exposure to radiofrequency air plasma. A broad panel of silver nanostructures with various shapes, sizes, and morphologies were considered to carefully examine the different stages of the oxidation process which evolve according to the considered model-system (e.g., nanosphere, nanowire, nanocube, or nanotriangle). Through a set of time-lapse studies and very specific experiments, we explained the generation of nanoporosity according to a mechanism based on two effects: (i) the high strain in the oxide shell generated as a consequence to the oxidation process and amplified by the bombardment of the material with the energetic species present in the radio frequency air plasma and (ii) the Kirkendall effect occurring at the Ag/Ag2O interface as a consequence to the unbalanced diffusion rates of silver and oxygen ions through the oxide shell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19497-19504
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume121
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Kirkendall effect
Silver oxides
silver oxides
Silver
Nanocrystals
corrosion
nanocrystals
Metals
silver
Corrosion
Oxygen
oxygen
metals
Oxides
Nanostructures
Plasmas
Oxidation
oxidation
space shuttles
oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Kirkendall Effect vs Corrosion of Silver Nanocrystals by Atomic Oxygen : From Solid Metal Silver to Nanoporous Silver Oxide. / El Mel, Abdel Aziz; Stephant, Nicolas; Molina-Luna, Leopoldo; Gautron, Eric; Haik, Yousef; Tabet, Nouar; Tessier, Pierre Yves; Gautier, Romain.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 121, No. 35, 07.09.2017, p. 19497-19504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

El Mel, Abdel Aziz ; Stephant, Nicolas ; Molina-Luna, Leopoldo ; Gautron, Eric ; Haik, Yousef ; Tabet, Nouar ; Tessier, Pierre Yves ; Gautier, Romain. / Kirkendall Effect vs Corrosion of Silver Nanocrystals by Atomic Oxygen : From Solid Metal Silver to Nanoporous Silver Oxide. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2017 ; Vol. 121, No. 35. pp. 19497-19504.
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