Is sleep education an effective tool for sleep improvement and minimizing metabolic disturbance and obesity in adolescents?

Teresa Arora, Shahrad Taheri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased significantly in recent years. Obesity is associated with a range of adverse physiological, psychological and social outcomes and places a huge economical burden on healthcare systems around the world. Insufficient sleep duration is common in adolescents and exacerbated by contemporary lifestyles, but may be a contributor to obesity onset and metabolic disruption. We briefly review the current evidence surrounding the associations between sleep and obesity as well as diabetes. Sleep improvement programs have been suggested as a potential avenue to raise awareness of the importance of sleep and ultimately enhance sleep behaviors/routines. A review of the current literature supporting the efficacy of such programs is tentative. Furthermore, very few studies have investigated if sleep enhancement has downstream positive effects on metabolic function or body weight in adolescents. We highlight biological and social factors that intensify sleep loss in adolescents and recommend that these be targeted components in future interventions aimed at improving adolescent sleep.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSleep Medicine Reviews
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 30 Sep 2015

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Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Circadian rhythms
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Metabolism
  • Obesity
  • Pediatrics
  • Sleep duration
  • Sleep education
  • Sleep hygiene
  • Sleep improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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