Is container type the biggest predictor of trace element and BPA leaching from drinking water bottles?

Candace Rowell, Nora Kuiper, Hugues Preud'Homme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


The knowledge-base of bottled water leachate is highly contradictory due to varying methodologies and limited multi-elemental and/or molecular analyses; understanding the range of contaminants and their pathways is required. This study determined the leaching potential and leaching kinetics of trace elements, using consistent comprehensive quantitative and semi-quantitative (79 elements total) analyses, and BPA, using isotopic dilution and MEPS pre-concentration with UHPLC-ESI-QTOF. Statistical methods were used to determine confounders and predictors of leaching and human health risk throughout 12 days of UV exposure and after exposure to elevated temperature. Various types of water were used to assess the impact of water quality. Results suggest Sb leaching is primarily dependent upon water quality, not container type. Bottle type is a predictor of elemental leaching for Pb, Ba, Cr, Cu, Mn and Sr; BPA was detected in samples from polycarbonate containers. Health risks from the consumption of bottled water increase after UV exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-93
Number of pages6
JournalFood Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016



  • Antimony
  • Bisphenol A
  • Bottled water
  • Leachate
  • PET
  • Risk assessment
  • Trace elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Analytical Chemistry

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