Ionic liquid and plastic crystalline phases of pyrazolium imide salts as electrolytes for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries

Yaser Abu-Lebdeh, Ali Abouimrane, Pierre Jean Alarco, Michel Armand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new member of the plastic crystal, pyrazolium imide family, N,N′-diethyl-3-methylpyrazolium bis-(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (DEMPyr123) was prepared. It showed a single, plastic crystalline phase that extends from 4.2 °C to its melting at 11.3 °C. When 10 mol% LiTFSI salt was added, the mixture showed ionic conductivities reaching 1.7 × 10 -3 S cm-1 at 20 °C, in the liquid state and 6.9 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 5 °C, in the solid, plastic phase. A wide electrochemical stability window's of 5.5 V was observed by cyclic voltammetry of the molten salt mixture. Batteries were assembled with LiFePO4/Li4Ti5O12 electrodes and the salt mixture as an electrolyte. They showed a charge/discharge efficiency of 93% and 87% in the liquid and the plastic phase, respectively. The capacity retention was very good in both states with 90% of the initial capacity still available after 40 cycles. In general, the batteries showed good rate capability and cycle life performance in the ionic liquid phase that were sustained when the electrolyte transformed to the plastic phase. Comparison of the battery results with those of a classic (non-plastic crystal) ionic liquid has proven the advantage of the dual state of matter character in this electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-261
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume154
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Imides
Ionic Liquids
imides
Ionic liquids
Electrolytes
electric batteries
plastics
Salts
lithium
electrolytes
Plastics
Crystalline materials
salts
liquids
ions
Crystals
cycles
ionic crystals
molten salts
Liquids

Keywords

  • Ionic liquids
  • Lithium batteries
  • Plastic crystals
  • Pyrazolium imide
  • Solid electrolytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Ionic liquid and plastic crystalline phases of pyrazolium imide salts as electrolytes for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. / Abu-Lebdeh, Yaser; Abouimrane, Ali; Alarco, Pierre Jean; Armand, Michel.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 154, No. 1, 09.03.2006, p. 255-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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