Introducing a novel reactor concept

Indirectly fired integrated gasification and steam generation system

Monem Alyaser, Rory Monaghan, Abdlmonem Beitelmal, Drazen Fabris

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper introduces a novel gasification reactor that uses steam gasification of carbonaceous feedstock by indirectly heating the reacting flow through a high temperature heat exchanger without the need for partial combustion with oxygen. It demonstrates the importance of gasification as a method for increasing power plant efficiency and reducing emissions. This paper also describes the computational model created to model this novel gasifier and the results of the model that illustrates the efficiency and purity advantages of the new gasifier. The reactor was modeled as a 1D counter-reacting flows heat exchanger, using the effectiveness-number of transfer units (ε-N tu) method. The heating flow was assumed to be fully combusted at the inlet. The gasification stream was modeled as a plug flow, where the reaction is kinetically controlled. A simplified version of the Random Pore Model (RPM) was used to predict the char consumption. The results indicate that the gasification of coal with steam without partial combustion with oxygen using this new concept is feasible. The gasification reaction rates are found to be slow at temperatures less than 1200°C, but most of the char conversion, which reached about almost 100% completion, occurred at higher than 1200°C.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Pages1329-1338
Number of pages10
Volume5
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2010 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 12 Nov 201018 Nov 2010

Other

OtherASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2010
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period12/11/1018/11/10

Fingerprint

Gasification
Steam
Heat exchangers
Heating
Oxygen
Feedstocks
Reaction rates
Power plants
Coal
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Alyaser, M., Monaghan, R., Beitelmal, A., & Fabris, D. (2010). Introducing a novel reactor concept: Indirectly fired integrated gasification and steam generation system. In ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE) (PARTS A AND B ed., Vol. 5, pp. 1329-1338) https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2010-40950

Introducing a novel reactor concept : Indirectly fired integrated gasification and steam generation system. / Alyaser, Monem; Monaghan, Rory; Beitelmal, Abdlmonem; Fabris, Drazen.

ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE). Vol. 5 PARTS A AND B. ed. 2010. p. 1329-1338.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Alyaser, M, Monaghan, R, Beitelmal, A & Fabris, D 2010, Introducing a novel reactor concept: Indirectly fired integrated gasification and steam generation system. in ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE). PARTS A AND B edn, vol. 5, pp. 1329-1338, ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2010, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 12/11/10. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2010-40950
Alyaser M, Monaghan R, Beitelmal A, Fabris D. Introducing a novel reactor concept: Indirectly fired integrated gasification and steam generation system. In ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE). PARTS A AND B ed. Vol. 5. 2010. p. 1329-1338 https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2010-40950
Alyaser, Monem ; Monaghan, Rory ; Beitelmal, Abdlmonem ; Fabris, Drazen. / Introducing a novel reactor concept : Indirectly fired integrated gasification and steam generation system. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE). Vol. 5 PARTS A AND B. ed. 2010. pp. 1329-1338
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