We consider a system composed of two qubits and a high excitation energy quantum object used to mediate coupling between the qubits. We treat the entire system quantum mechanically and analyze the properties of the eigenvalues and eigenstates of the total Hamiltonian. After reproducing well-known results concerning the leading term in the mediated coupling, we obtain an expression for the residual coupling between the qubits in the off state. We also analyze the entanglement between the three objects, i.e., the two qubits and the coupler, in the eigenstates of the total Hamiltonian. Although we focus on the application of our results to the recently realized parametric-coupling scheme with two qubits, we also discuss extensions of our results to harmonic-oscillator couplers, couplers that are near resonance with the qubits and multiqubit systems. In particular, we find that certain errors that are absent for a two-qubit system arise when dealing with multiqubit systems.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Jan 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics