TY - JOUR

T1 - Interference between a large number of independent Bose-Einstein condensates

AU - Ashhab, S.

PY - 2005/6/1

Y1 - 2005/6/1

N2 - We study theoretically the interference patterns produced by the overlap of an array of Bose-Einstein condensates that have no phase coherence among them. We show that density-density correlations at different quasimomenta, which play an important role in two-condensate interference, become negligible for large N, where N is the number of overlapping condensates. In order to understand the physics of this phenomenon, it is sufficient to consider the periodicity of the lattice and the statistical probability distribution of a random-walk problem. The average visibility of such interference patterns decreases as Nâ1â •2 for large N.

AB - We study theoretically the interference patterns produced by the overlap of an array of Bose-Einstein condensates that have no phase coherence among them. We show that density-density correlations at different quasimomenta, which play an important role in two-condensate interference, become negligible for large N, where N is the number of overlapping condensates. In order to understand the physics of this phenomenon, it is sufficient to consider the periodicity of the lattice and the statistical probability distribution of a random-walk problem. The average visibility of such interference patterns decreases as Nâ1â •2 for large N.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.71.063602

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.71.063602

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:26944461923

VL - 71

JO - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

JF - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

SN - 1050-2947

IS - 6

M1 - 063602

ER -