Interfacial shear strength of oxide scale and SS 441 substrate

Wenning Liu, Xin Sun, Elizabeth Stephens, Moe Khaleel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Recent developments on decreasing the operating temperature for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have enabled the use of high-temperature ferritic alloys as interconnect materials. Oxide scale will inevitably grow on the ferritic interconnects in a high-temperature oxidation environment of SOFCs. The growth of the oxide scale induces growth stresses in the scale layer and on the scale/substrate interface. These growth stresses combined with the thermal stresses induced after stacking cooling by the thermal expansion coefficient mismatch between the oxide scale and the substrate may lead to scale delamination/buckling and eventual spallation, which may lead to serious cell performance degradation. Hence, the interfacial adhesion strength between the oxide scale and the substrate is crucial to the reliability and durability of the metallic interconnect in SOFC operating environments. In this article, we applied an integrated experimental/modeling methodology to quantify the interfacial adhesion strength between the oxide scale and the SS 441 metallic interconnect. The predicted interfacial strength is discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1222-1228
Number of pages7
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2011
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Mechanics of Materials

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