Genetic and environmental factors seem to interact and influence both the onset and the course of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but the role of glutamate transporter variants (SLC1A1) in pharmacological resistance is not known. We aimed to assess whether genetic variants in SLC1A1 and life stress at onset of the disorder interact and modulate pharmacological resistance in OCD. A single-marker association study of several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the SLC1A1 genomic region was performed in a sample of 238 OCD patients. For the most strongly associated SNP (rs3087879), one copy of the risk allele increased the probability of higher treatment resistance (odds ratio=2.42; 95% confidence interval=1.39-4.21; P=0.0018), but only in OCD patients without life stress at onset of the disorder. These results suggest a gene-by-environment interaction effect on treatment resistance in OCD and strengthen the existing evidence of the role of the glutamatergic system in the phenomenology of OCD.
- gene-by-environment interaction
- life stress
- obsessive-compulsive disorder
- treatment outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine