Integration of Biomass Gasification and CO2 Capture in the LCA Model for the Energy, Water and Food Nexus

Tareq Al-Ansari, Anna Korre, Zhenggang Nie, Nilay Shah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The energy, water and food (EWF) Nexus tool developed by the authors is used to evaluate the different pathways for a hypothetical 40 % food self-sufficiency target in Qatar. The EWF systems are represented by sub-systems described in detail. With emphasis on the inter-linkages between EWF resources, the tool quantifies material flows, natural resource and energy consumption at component unit process level. In this paper, the EWF Nexus tool detailed previously in Al-Ansari et al. (2014; 2015) is expanded to include waste management techniques, in which the objective is to reduce the reported life cycle scores. The sub-systems consist of a biomass integrated gasification combined cycle (BIGCC) which recycles solid waste into useful forms of energy that can be re-used within the nexus. In addition, a carbon capture (CC) sub-system is integrated to capture and recycle CO2 from both the CCGT and the BIGCC. The integration of CC with the BIGCC transforms the carbon neutral BIGCC process to a negative GHG emission technology (BECCS). For the different scenarios and sub-system configurations considered, the global warming potential can be theoretically balanced (reduced by ~ 98 %) through the integration of photovoltaic (PV), BIGCC and CC technologies. The peak GWP, i.e. a fully fossil fuel dependent system, is recorded at 1.73 × 109 kg CO2 eq. /year whilst the lowest achievable GWP is 2.18 × 107 kg CO2 eq. /year when utilising a combination of PV, CC integrated with CCGT in addition to BECCS technology. The natural gas consumption is reduced by 7.8 × 107 kg/year in the best case configuration achieving a credit. In the same scenario, the PV land footprint required is calculated to a maximum of 660 ha. The maximum theoretically achievable negative emission is 1.09 × 109 kg CO2/year.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages2085-2090
Number of pages6
Volume38
ISBN (Print)9780444634283
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
Volume38
ISSN (Print)15707946

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Keywords

  • Biomass
  • CO Capture
  • Gasification
  • LCA
  • Nexus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Al-Ansari, T., Korre, A., Nie, Z., & Shah, N. (2016). Integration of Biomass Gasification and CO2 Capture in the LCA Model for the Energy, Water and Food Nexus. In 26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016 (Vol. 38, pp. 2085-2090). (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering; Vol. 38). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63428-3.50352-0