We present an integrated complimentary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) MEMS flow sensor, which demonstrates a very compact system on chip (SoC) that can sense N2 gas flow ranging from 0 to 26 m/s (0–50 sccm). Implemented in the proprietary InvenSense AlN process, our SoC features a very low-power current feedback instrumentation amplifier (CFIA) as a front-end readout circuit for a micro-calorimetric flow sensor configured in a Wheatstone bridge. To maintain a constant temperature difference of 56 K, an on-chip heater with off-chip op-amp feedback circuit is also implemented. The on-chip CFIA is chopped at 50 kHz to reduce its offset and flicker-noise and consumes 250 µA current. The measured sensitivity of our CMOS MEMS flow sensor is 35 mV/sccm.
- Chopper amplifier
- MEMS flow sensor
- Wafer scale integration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering