Induction of cell-mediated immune responses to peptide antigens of P. vivax in microparticles using intranasal immunization

Ajaz Ahmad Bhat, Ratnesh K. Seth, Sudhir Kumar, Riyasat Ali, Teena Mohan, Sukla Biswas, D. N. Rao

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10 Citations (Scopus)


T-cells play a critical role in resistance to malaria, not only because they function as helper cells for an antibody response, but also because they serve as effector cells. Such cellular immunity is directly implicated in protection from sporozoites as well as from blood stage parasites. The aim of this study was to induce cell mediated immune responses to peptide antigens of Plasmodium vivax co-encapsulated with CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) in microparticles. In the present study, we have investigated the immunomodulatory effects of two CpG adjuvants, CpG 1826 and CpG 2006 to the five peptide antigens of Plasmodium vivax derived from circumsporozoite protein, merozoite surface protein-1, apical membrane antigen-1 and gametocyte surface antigen (Pvs24) in microparticle delivery. The T-cell proliferation response study of the cells collected from spleen, lamina propria and peyer's patches showed significantly high (p<0.001) stimulation index when primed with peptide antigens in microparticles co-encapsulating CpG ODN adjuvant as compared to peptide alone primed mice. The cytokine measurement profile of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 in culture supernatants of cells primed with peptide antigens in microparticles co-encapsulating CpG ODN showed higher levels of IFN- γ followed by TNF-α and IL-2, with relatively low levels of IL-4 and IL-10.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-499
Number of pages17
JournalImmunological Investigations
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2010
Externally publishedYes



  • CD4 cells
  • CpG
  • Cytokines
  • Intranasal immunization
  • Microparticles
  • Peptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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