Human metapneumovirus in Jordan: Prevalence and clinical symptoms in hospitalized pediatric patients and molecular virus characterization

Lina M. Qaisy, Mamdoh M. Meqdam, Asem Alkhateeb, Abdallah Al-Shorman, Hiyam O. AL-Rousan, Mohammed S. Al-Mogbel

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    Abstract

    Respiratory viral infections account for significant morbidity and mortality especially in young children worldwide. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) causes illnesses ranging from mild respiratory problems to bronchiolitis and severe pneumonia. From January to December 2007, 220 nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children younger ≤13 years old hospitalized with lower respiratory tract infection to detect hMPV by revese transcription-polymerase chain reaction and to clone and sequence the hMPV-positive samples. Human metapneumovirus was detected in 28 (12.7%) specimens with a median age of 7 months (range 1.3 to 24 months). Human metapneumovirus type A and type B were detected in 26 (93%) and 8 (28.6%) of specimens, respectively. Coinfection with hMPV type A and type B was detected in 6 (21.4%) specimens positive for hMPV. The major clinical diagnosis of hMPV-positive patients was bronchiolitis (75%). Human metapneumovirus and hMPV type B were found to be significantly associated with bronchiolitis (P = 0.03 and 0.01, respectively). Human metapneumovirus and hMPV type A were found to be significantly associated with pneumonia (P = 0.004 and 0.002, respectively). The main symptoms in patients infected with hMPV were cough (92.9%), fever (82.1%), and wheezing (78.6%), with a significant association of hMPV type A with fever (P = 0.018). Human metapneumovirus was seasonally distributed; most infections with hMPV were reported in the late winter and early spring. The peak of hMPV incidence was in February (10/28; 35.7%).Sequencing of purified plasmid DNA was performed in forward and reverse direction to confirm the results of hMPV-positive samples which scored 97% identity to hMPV type A genome isolate NL/17/00 and showing C-T variation that had no effect on the amino acid sequence F(Phe)-F(Phe).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)288-291
    Number of pages4
    JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    Volume74
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012

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    Keywords

    • HMPV
    • RT-PCR
    • Sequencing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Microbiology (medical)
    • Infectious Diseases

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