Highly water soluble and recovered dextran coated fe3o 4 magnetic nanoparticles for brackish water desalination

Hongwei Bai, Zhaoyang Liu, Darren Delai Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dextran coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been successfully synthesized and used for brackish water desalination for the first time. The dextran coated Fe3O4 MNPs well meets the stringent criteria for draw solutes of forward osmosis (FO) process via technologically integrating the good solubility of dextran and strong magnetism of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Our experimental results demonstrated that the dextran coated Fe3O4 MNPs are not only able to produce high osmotic pressure to draw clean water across FO membranes from brackish water, but also can be easily recovered from the diluted draw solution by an external magnet. Based on our currently conducted works, it is believed that the dextran coated Fe3O4 MNPs can be an ideal draw solute for brackish water desalination by using FO process in an environmental-friendly and energy-saving manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-399
Number of pages8
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2011

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Keywords

  • Brackish water
  • Desalination
  • Dextran
  • Forward osmosis
  • Magnetic nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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