Highly efficient Cu(Ga,In)(S,Se)2 thin film solar cells with zinc-compound buffer layers

A. Ennaoui, W. Eisele, M. Lux-Steiner, T. P. Niesen, F. Karg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemical bath deposited Zn-compound buffer layers have been applied as an alternative to the CdS buffer layer in the development of Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 (CIGSSe) thin film solar cells. We used CIGSSe absorbers developed by Shell Solar for large-scale production. When ZnO is sputtered directly on such absorbers, very poor performances are obtained. In contrast, when the CIGSSe films are treated in electrolyte containing Zn-ions before sputtering, device efficiency of 12% is achieved. Including a sulfur or selenium source, we have developed a process to fabricate Cd-free CIGSSe devices with over 14% efficiency, certified at NREL. The structure and composition of the CBD-ZnSe on CIGSSe surface were investigated. The growth mechanism of chemical bath deposited ZnSe and ZnS on CIGSSe are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-339
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume431-432
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Zinc Compounds
Zinc compounds
zinc compounds
Buffer layers
baths
absorbers
buffers
solar cells
Selenium
thin films
selenium
Sulfur
Electrolytes
Sputtering
sulfur
sputtering
electrolytes
Ions
Chemical analysis
ions

Keywords

  • Chemical bath
  • Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)
  • Zn-compound buffer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Highly efficient Cu(Ga,In)(S,Se)2 thin film solar cells with zinc-compound buffer layers. / Ennaoui, A.; Eisele, W.; Lux-Steiner, M.; Niesen, T. P.; Karg, F.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 431-432, 01.05.2003, p. 335-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ennaoui, A. ; Eisele, W. ; Lux-Steiner, M. ; Niesen, T. P. ; Karg, F. / Highly efficient Cu(Ga,In)(S,Se)2 thin film solar cells with zinc-compound buffer layers. In: Thin Solid Films. 2003 ; Vol. 431-432. pp. 335-339.
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