High levels of molybdenum in Qatar's groundwater and potential impacts

Nora Kuiper, Candace Rowell, Basem Shomar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Similar to other arid nations, Qatar's aquifers are highly susceptible to contamination due to overexploitation and rapid industrialization creating conditions of vulnerability for local environments and populations. This study quantified physicochemical properties, cations, anions, organic carbon and trace element content in 205 samples of Qatar's groundwater. Elevated Mo (mean. =. 26.9. μg/L; max. =. 103. μg/L) was observed throughout Qatar, along with localized clusters of elevated Cd (max. =. 8.67. μg/L), As (71.6. μg/L), Pb (37.1. μg/L) and Se (80.1. μg/L) indicating spatial distribution of these contaminants. Groundwater was brackish to saline (25th-75th percentile TDS. =. 2140-4660. mg/L); SAR (mean. =. 10.1) and EC (mean. =. 7250. μS/cm) values indicate continued use of Qatar's groundwater for irrigation may compromise soil structure and crop yield. Limited global emphasis is placed on Mo in groundwater; however, localized regions of the world exhibit elevated Mo, including Qatar. Compared to the studies in other parts of the world, our study serves to emphasize that elevated levels of Mo in groundwater may be a global phenomenon and calls for further studies to address potential health risks of exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geochemical Exploration
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

Fingerprint

Molybdenum
molybdenum
Groundwater
groundwater
Health risks
Trace Elements
physicochemical property
Organic carbon
soil structure
Aquifers
Irrigation
industrialization
crop yield
health risk
Spatial distribution
Crops
Anions
Cations
anion
synthetic aperture radar

Keywords

  • Groundwater
  • Molybdenum
  • Qatar
  • Trace element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economic Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

High levels of molybdenum in Qatar's groundwater and potential impacts. / Kuiper, Nora; Rowell, Candace; Shomar, Basem.

In: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 150, 01.03.2015, p. 16-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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