High accuracy & long timescale light curves

Dimitrios Mislis, S. Hodgkin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present a theoretical analysis of the optical light curves (LCs) for short-period high-mass transiting extrasolar planet systems. Our method considers the primary transit, the secondary eclipse, and the overall phase shape of the LC between the occultations. Phase variations arise from (i) reflected and thermally emitted light by the planet, (ii) the ellipsoidal shape of the star due to the gravitational pull of the planet, and (iii) the Doppler shift of the stellar light as the star orbits the center of mass of the system. Our full model of the out-of-eclipse variations contains information about the planetary mass, orbital eccentricity, the orientation of periastron and the planet's albedo. For a range of hypothetical systems we demonstrate that the ellipsoidal variations (ii.) can be large enough to be distinguished from the remaining components and that this effect can be used to constrain the planet's mass. As an example we presend KOI-13b (candidate exoplanet system) included in the September 2011 Kepler data release. The Kepler light curve shows both primary and secondary eclipses, as well as significant out-of-eclipse light curve variations. We model the relative contributions from (i) thermal emission from the companion, (ii) planetary reflected light, (iii) doppler beaming, and (iv) ellipsoidal variations in the host-star arising from the tidal distortion of the host star by its companion. Our analysis, based on the light curve alone, enables us to constrain the mass of the KOI-13.01 companion to be MC = 8.3 ± 1.25 MJ and thus demonstrates that the transiting companion is a planet. The teqnique is useful for current and future space missions such as Kepler and PLATO.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEPJ Web of Conferences
Volume47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventConference on Hot Planets and Cool Stars - Garching
Duration: 12 Nov 201216 Nov 2012

Other

OtherConference on Hot Planets and Cool Stars
CityGarching
Period12/11/1216/11/12

Fingerprint

light curve
planets
eclipses
stars
extrasolar planets
planetary mass
occultation
space missions
thermal emission
transit
albedo
eccentricity
center of mass
orbits
orbitals
shift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Mislis, D., & Hodgkin, S. (2013). High accuracy & long timescale light curves. In EPJ Web of Conferences (Vol. 47). [02002] https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20134702002

High accuracy & long timescale light curves. / Mislis, Dimitrios; Hodgkin, S.

EPJ Web of Conferences. Vol. 47 2013. 02002.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mislis, D & Hodgkin, S 2013, High accuracy & long timescale light curves. in EPJ Web of Conferences. vol. 47, 02002, Conference on Hot Planets and Cool Stars, Garching, 12/11/12. https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20134702002
Mislis D, Hodgkin S. High accuracy & long timescale light curves. In EPJ Web of Conferences. Vol. 47. 2013. 02002 https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20134702002
Mislis, Dimitrios ; Hodgkin, S. / High accuracy & long timescale light curves. EPJ Web of Conferences. Vol. 47 2013.
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