Eight human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected cell lines were derived in vitro from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 8 rabbits. Each rabbit was then inoculated with its own HTLV-I-transformed cells, after which all but 1 rabbit had anti-heat-shock protein (hsp) antibodies in sera. Cell line RH/K34, which failed to raisea response to hsp70, caused lethal leukemia when >2 × 108 livecells were injected into unrelated outbred rabbits. Rabbits injected with cell-free virusisolated from RH/K34 cells produced anti-hsp70 antibodies and became infected but developed no fatal disease. ELISA inhibition and flowcytometry analyses indicated that hspmolecules are expressed on the surface of RH/K34 and RH/K30, a nonlethal HTLV-I cell line used for comparison; surface hsp expression does not occur normally. Two proteins of˜72 and 93 kDa were detected by Western blot in extracts of RH/K30 cells. Presence ofanti-hsp70 antibodies correlated with resistance to lethal doses of live RH/K34 cells, suggesting that hsp immunity may influence the outcome of RH/K34 pathogenicity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Immunology and Allergy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health