Groundwater of the Gaza Strip: Is it drinkable?

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Abstract

Groundwater from 73 municipal and 21 private wells were analyzed for Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Li, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr and Zn over a 3 year monitoring program in the Gaza Strip. The results show that the trace elements of the groundwater of the Gaza Strip do not generally pose any health or environmental hazard. In spite of that, only 10% of the municipal wells meet the WHO standards. Cl-, NO 3 - and F- concentrations exceeded 2-9 times the WHO standards in 90% of the wells tested with maximum concentrations of 3,000, 450 and 1.6 mg/l, respectively. Several private wells should not be used for drinking purposes as the average of Zn, Cd, Pb, Fe and As was 58, 30, 270, 468 and 10 μg/l, respectively. A severe water dilemma will appear in the near future from both quality and quantity aspects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-751
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Geology
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2006

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Keywords

  • Anions
  • Gaza Strip
  • Groundwater quality
  • Trace metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution
  • Soil Science

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