Ground-state stability and criticality of two-electron atoms with screened Coulomb potentials using the B-splines basis set

Pablo Serra, Sabre Kais

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We applied the finite-size scaling method using the B-splines basis set to construct the stability diagram for two-electron atoms with a screened Coulomb potential. The results of this method for two-electron atoms are very accurate in comparison with previous calculations based on Gaussian, Hylleraas and finite-element basis sets. The stability diagram for the screened two-electron atoms shows three distinct regions, i.e. a two-electron region, a one-electron region and a zero-electron region, which correspond to stable, ionized and double ionized atoms, respectively. In previous studies, it was difficult to extend the finite-size scaling calculations to large molecules and extended systems because of the computational cost and the lack of a simple way to increase the number of Gaussian basis elements in a systematic way. Motivated by recent studies showing how one can use B-splines to solve Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham equations, this combined finite-size scaling using the B-splines basis set might provide an effective systematic way to treat criticality of large molecules and extended systems. As benchmark calculations, the two-electron systems show the feasibility of this combined approach and provide an accurate reference for comparison.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235003
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume45
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2012

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Coulomb potential
splines
ground state
atoms
electrons
scaling
diagrams
molecules
costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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abstract = "We applied the finite-size scaling method using the B-splines basis set to construct the stability diagram for two-electron atoms with a screened Coulomb potential. The results of this method for two-electron atoms are very accurate in comparison with previous calculations based on Gaussian, Hylleraas and finite-element basis sets. The stability diagram for the screened two-electron atoms shows three distinct regions, i.e. a two-electron region, a one-electron region and a zero-electron region, which correspond to stable, ionized and double ionized atoms, respectively. In previous studies, it was difficult to extend the finite-size scaling calculations to large molecules and extended systems because of the computational cost and the lack of a simple way to increase the number of Gaussian basis elements in a systematic way. Motivated by recent studies showing how one can use B-splines to solve Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham equations, this combined finite-size scaling using the B-splines basis set might provide an effective systematic way to treat criticality of large molecules and extended systems. As benchmark calculations, the two-electron systems show the feasibility of this combined approach and provide an accurate reference for comparison.",
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AU - Kais, Sabre

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N2 - We applied the finite-size scaling method using the B-splines basis set to construct the stability diagram for two-electron atoms with a screened Coulomb potential. The results of this method for two-electron atoms are very accurate in comparison with previous calculations based on Gaussian, Hylleraas and finite-element basis sets. The stability diagram for the screened two-electron atoms shows three distinct regions, i.e. a two-electron region, a one-electron region and a zero-electron region, which correspond to stable, ionized and double ionized atoms, respectively. In previous studies, it was difficult to extend the finite-size scaling calculations to large molecules and extended systems because of the computational cost and the lack of a simple way to increase the number of Gaussian basis elements in a systematic way. Motivated by recent studies showing how one can use B-splines to solve Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham equations, this combined finite-size scaling using the B-splines basis set might provide an effective systematic way to treat criticality of large molecules and extended systems. As benchmark calculations, the two-electron systems show the feasibility of this combined approach and provide an accurate reference for comparison.

AB - We applied the finite-size scaling method using the B-splines basis set to construct the stability diagram for two-electron atoms with a screened Coulomb potential. The results of this method for two-electron atoms are very accurate in comparison with previous calculations based on Gaussian, Hylleraas and finite-element basis sets. The stability diagram for the screened two-electron atoms shows three distinct regions, i.e. a two-electron region, a one-electron region and a zero-electron region, which correspond to stable, ionized and double ionized atoms, respectively. In previous studies, it was difficult to extend the finite-size scaling calculations to large molecules and extended systems because of the computational cost and the lack of a simple way to increase the number of Gaussian basis elements in a systematic way. Motivated by recent studies showing how one can use B-splines to solve Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham equations, this combined finite-size scaling using the B-splines basis set might provide an effective systematic way to treat criticality of large molecules and extended systems. As benchmark calculations, the two-electron systems show the feasibility of this combined approach and provide an accurate reference for comparison.

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