Green heterogeneous small-cell networks

Toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation

Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir, Khalid Qaraqe, Hina Tabassum, Mohamed Slim Alouini, Erchin Serpedin, Muhammad Imran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heterogeneous small cell networks, or Het- SNets, are considered as a standard part of future mobile networks in which multiple lowpower low-cost user deployed base stations complement the existing macrocell infrastructure. This article proposes an energy-efficient deployment of the cells where the small cell base stations are arranged around the edge of the reference macrocell, and the deployment is referred to as cell-on-edge (COE) deployment. The proposed deployment ensures an increase in the network spectral and energy efficiency by facilitating cell edge mobile users with small cells. Moreover, COE deployment guarantees reduction of the carbon footprint of mobile operations by employing adaptive uplink power control. In order to calibrate the reduction in CO2 emissions, this article quantifies the ecological and associated economical impacts of energy savings in the proposed deployment. Simulation results quantify the improvements in CO2 emissions and spectral and energy gains of the proposed COE deployment compared to macro-only networks and typical small cell deployment strategies where small cells are randomly deployed within a given macrocell.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6525595
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Base stations
Carbon footprint
Communication
Power control
Energy efficiency
Macros
Wireless networks
Industry
Energy conservation
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Green heterogeneous small-cell networks : Toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation. / Shakir, Muhammad Zeeshan; Qaraqe, Khalid; Tabassum, Hina; Alouini, Mohamed Slim; Serpedin, Erchin; Imran, Muhammad.

In: IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 51, No. 6, 6525595, 2013, p. 52-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c1b4c1d7d8534368b9e8511c8c5a72cd,
title = "Green heterogeneous small-cell networks: Toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation",
abstract = "Heterogeneous small cell networks, or Het- SNets, are considered as a standard part of future mobile networks in which multiple lowpower low-cost user deployed base stations complement the existing macrocell infrastructure. This article proposes an energy-efficient deployment of the cells where the small cell base stations are arranged around the edge of the reference macrocell, and the deployment is referred to as cell-on-edge (COE) deployment. The proposed deployment ensures an increase in the network spectral and energy efficiency by facilitating cell edge mobile users with small cells. Moreover, COE deployment guarantees reduction of the carbon footprint of mobile operations by employing adaptive uplink power control. In order to calibrate the reduction in CO2 emissions, this article quantifies the ecological and associated economical impacts of energy savings in the proposed deployment. Simulation results quantify the improvements in CO2 emissions and spectral and energy gains of the proposed COE deployment compared to macro-only networks and typical small cell deployment strategies where small cells are randomly deployed within a given macrocell.",
author = "Shakir, {Muhammad Zeeshan} and Khalid Qaraqe and Hina Tabassum and Alouini, {Mohamed Slim} and Erchin Serpedin and Muhammad Imran",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1109/MCOM.2013.6525595",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "52--61",
journal = "IEEE Communications Magazine",
issn = "0163-6804",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Green heterogeneous small-cell networks

T2 - Toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation

AU - Shakir, Muhammad Zeeshan

AU - Qaraqe, Khalid

AU - Tabassum, Hina

AU - Alouini, Mohamed Slim

AU - Serpedin, Erchin

AU - Imran, Muhammad

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Heterogeneous small cell networks, or Het- SNets, are considered as a standard part of future mobile networks in which multiple lowpower low-cost user deployed base stations complement the existing macrocell infrastructure. This article proposes an energy-efficient deployment of the cells where the small cell base stations are arranged around the edge of the reference macrocell, and the deployment is referred to as cell-on-edge (COE) deployment. The proposed deployment ensures an increase in the network spectral and energy efficiency by facilitating cell edge mobile users with small cells. Moreover, COE deployment guarantees reduction of the carbon footprint of mobile operations by employing adaptive uplink power control. In order to calibrate the reduction in CO2 emissions, this article quantifies the ecological and associated economical impacts of energy savings in the proposed deployment. Simulation results quantify the improvements in CO2 emissions and spectral and energy gains of the proposed COE deployment compared to macro-only networks and typical small cell deployment strategies where small cells are randomly deployed within a given macrocell.

AB - Heterogeneous small cell networks, or Het- SNets, are considered as a standard part of future mobile networks in which multiple lowpower low-cost user deployed base stations complement the existing macrocell infrastructure. This article proposes an energy-efficient deployment of the cells where the small cell base stations are arranged around the edge of the reference macrocell, and the deployment is referred to as cell-on-edge (COE) deployment. The proposed deployment ensures an increase in the network spectral and energy efficiency by facilitating cell edge mobile users with small cells. Moreover, COE deployment guarantees reduction of the carbon footprint of mobile operations by employing adaptive uplink power control. In order to calibrate the reduction in CO2 emissions, this article quantifies the ecological and associated economical impacts of energy savings in the proposed deployment. Simulation results quantify the improvements in CO2 emissions and spectral and energy gains of the proposed COE deployment compared to macro-only networks and typical small cell deployment strategies where small cells are randomly deployed within a given macrocell.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84879086852&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84879086852&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/MCOM.2013.6525595

DO - 10.1109/MCOM.2013.6525595

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 52

EP - 61

JO - IEEE Communications Magazine

JF - IEEE Communications Magazine

SN - 0163-6804

IS - 6

M1 - 6525595

ER -