Graphene oxide/ammonium perchlorate composite material for use in solid propellants

Nasir K. Memon, Andrew W. McBain, Steven F. Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An energetic composite material based on graphene oxide and ammonium perchlorate was prepared using a recrystallization method involving acetone and ethyl acetate as the solvent and antisolvent, respectively. This method resulted in the production of small crystals, where the graphene oxide wraps around the ammonium perchlorate particle to form a composite particle. The resulting composite material is found to enhance the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate over just physically mixing. Furthermore, using this material, bimodal ammonium perchlorate/hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene solid propellants were prepared. The combustion behavior of the propellants were investigated, and the graphene-oxide-based solid propellant resulted in a 15% increase in the burning rate at a pressure of 80 atm over the baseline material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-686
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Propulsion and Power
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

ammonium perchlorates
solid propellants
Solid propellants
perchlorate
Graphene
graphene
ammonium
oxide
Oxides
composite materials
oxides
Composite materials
Polybutadienes
Propellants
Acetone
wrap
polybutadiene
burning rate
thermal decomposition
propellants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Fuel Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Graphene oxide/ammonium perchlorate composite material for use in solid propellants. / Memon, Nasir K.; McBain, Andrew W.; Son, Steven F.

In: Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2016, p. 682-686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Memon, Nasir K. ; McBain, Andrew W. ; Son, Steven F. / Graphene oxide/ammonium perchlorate composite material for use in solid propellants. In: Journal of Propulsion and Power. 2016 ; Vol. 32, No. 3. pp. 682-686.
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