Graft polymerization and plasma treatment of polymer membranes for fouling reduction

A review

Viktor Kochkodan, Virender K. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article presents a review of recent developments in surface modification of polymer membranes via graft polymerization and plasma treatment for reduction of fouling with organic compounds and microorganisms in pressure driven membrane processes. The factors affecting membrane fouling, such as membrane hydrophilicity, charge and surface roughness are discussed. The recent studies in which the reduction of organic fouling and biofouling by the modification of the membrane surface via ultraviolet/redox initiated surface grafting of hydrophilic polymers and low temperature plasma treatment are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1713-1727
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fouling
Grafts
Polymerization
Polymers
Membranes
Transplants
Plasmas
Biofouling
Membrane fouling
Hydrophilicity
Organic compounds
Microorganisms
Surface treatment
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Surface roughness
Oxidation-Reduction
Pressure
Temperature

Keywords

  • filtration
  • membranes
  • microorganisms
  • Organic compounds
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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AB - This article presents a review of recent developments in surface modification of polymer membranes via graft polymerization and plasma treatment for reduction of fouling with organic compounds and microorganisms in pressure driven membrane processes. The factors affecting membrane fouling, such as membrane hydrophilicity, charge and surface roughness are discussed. The recent studies in which the reduction of organic fouling and biofouling by the modification of the membrane surface via ultraviolet/redox initiated surface grafting of hydrophilic polymers and low temperature plasma treatment are reviewed.

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