GR-regulating Serine/Threonine Kinases: New Physiologic and Pathologic Implications

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Abstract

Glucocorticoid hormones, end products of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, virtually influence all human functions both in a basal homeostatic condition and under stress. The glucocorticoid receptor (GR), a nuclear hormone receptor superfamily protein, mediates these actions of glucocorticoids by acting as a ligand-dependent transcription factor. Because glucocorticoid actions are diverse and strong, many biological pathways adjust them in local tissues by targeting the GR signaling pathway as part of the regulatory loop coordinating complex human functions. Phosphorylation of GR protein by serine/threonine kinases is one of the major regulatory mechanisms for this communication. In this review, recent progress in research investigating GR phosphorylation by these kinases is discussed, along with the possible physiologic and pathophysiologic implications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTrends in Endocrinology and Metabolism
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

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Keywords

  • glucose metabolism
  • leukemia
  • N-terminal domain
  • subcellular shuttling
  • transcriptional cofactors
  • transcriptional regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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