Glutathione S-transferase copy number variation alters lung gene expression

M. W. Butler, N. R. Hackett, J. Salit, Y. Strulovici-Barel, L. Omberg, J. Mezey, Ronald Crystal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes catalyse the conjugation of xenobiotics to glutathione. Based on reports that inherited copy number variations (CNVs) modulate some GST gene expression levels, and that the small airway epithelium (SAE) and alveolar macrophages (AMs) are involved early in the pathogenesis of smoking-induced lung disease, we asked: do germline CNVs modulate GST expression levels in SAE and AMs? Microarrays were used to survey GST gene expression and determine CNVs genotypes in SAE and AMs obtained by bronchoscopy from current smokers and nonsmokers. 26% of subjects were null for both GSTM1 alleles, with reduced GSTM1 mRNA levels seen in both SAE and AMs. 30% of subjects had homozygous deletions of GSTT1, with reduced mRNA levels in both tissues. Interestingly, GSTT2B exhibited homozygous deletion in the blood of 27% of subjects and was not expressed in SAE in the remainder of subjects, but was expressed in AMs of heterozygotes and wild-type subjects, proportionate to genotype. These data show a germline CNV-mediated linear relationship of genotype with expression level, suggesting minimal compensation of gene expression levels in heterozygotes, consistent with GST polymorphisms playing a role in the risk of smoking-associated, xenobiotic-induced lung disease. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-28
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Alveolar Macrophages
Glutathione Transferase
Epithelium
Gene Expression
Lung
Genotype
Xenobiotics
Heterozygote
Lung Diseases
Smoking
Messenger RNA
Bronchoscopy
Glutathione
Alleles
Enzymes

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • Gene expression microarrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Butler, M. W., Hackett, N. R., Salit, J., Strulovici-Barel, Y., Omberg, L., Mezey, J., & Crystal, R. (2011). Glutathione S-transferase copy number variation alters lung gene expression. European Respiratory Journal, 38(1), 15-28. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00029210

Glutathione S-transferase copy number variation alters lung gene expression. / Butler, M. W.; Hackett, N. R.; Salit, J.; Strulovici-Barel, Y.; Omberg, L.; Mezey, J.; Crystal, Ronald.

In: European Respiratory Journal, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.07.2011, p. 15-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Butler, MW, Hackett, NR, Salit, J, Strulovici-Barel, Y, Omberg, L, Mezey, J & Crystal, R 2011, 'Glutathione S-transferase copy number variation alters lung gene expression', European Respiratory Journal, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 15-28. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00029210
Butler MW, Hackett NR, Salit J, Strulovici-Barel Y, Omberg L, Mezey J et al. Glutathione S-transferase copy number variation alters lung gene expression. European Respiratory Journal. 2011 Jul 1;38(1):15-28. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00029210
Butler, M. W. ; Hackett, N. R. ; Salit, J. ; Strulovici-Barel, Y. ; Omberg, L. ; Mezey, J. ; Crystal, Ronald. / Glutathione S-transferase copy number variation alters lung gene expression. In: European Respiratory Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 15-28.
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