Genetics of Paget's Disease of Bone

Stuart H. Ralston, Omar Al Bagha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Genetic factors play a central role in Paget's disease of bone (PDB). Mutations of SQSTM1 are the most common cause of familial PDB. Mutations of TNFRSF11A cause familial expansile osteolysis and related disorders, which present during childhood with deafness and adolescence with a PDB-like phenotype. Mutations of TNFRSF11B cause the recessively inherited condition of juvenile PDB. Mutations of VCP, HNRNPA2B1, and HNRNPA1 cause syndromes in which PDB is associated with myopathy and neurodegeneration. Finally, several common genetic variants have been identified at the TNFRSF11A, CSF1, OPTN, DCSTAMP, RIN3, and PML loci, which act additively to influence the occurrence and severity of developing classical PDB. Environmental influences interact with genetic background to influence susceptibility to PDB by mechanisms that are incompletely understood. Advances in PDB genetics have improved understanding of the mechanisms by which bone remodeling is regulated and have uncovered genetic markers of disease occurrence and severity that might be of clinical value.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGenetics of Bone Biology and Skeletal Disease
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages439-452
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780128041987
ISBN (Print)9780128041826
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2017

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Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Osteoclast
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • P62
  • Paget's disease of bone
  • RANK
  • RANKL
  • SQSTM1
  • Ubiquitin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ralston, S. H., & Al Bagha, O. (2017). Genetics of Paget's Disease of Bone. In Genetics of Bone Biology and Skeletal Disease: Second Edition (pp. 439-452). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-804182-6.00025-3