We discuss the role and the treatment of polarization effects in many-body systems of charged conducting clusters and apply this to the statistical fragmentation of Na-clusters. We see a first order microcanonical phase transition in the fragmentation of Na70 Z+ for Z = 0 to 8. We can distinguish two fragmentation phases, namely evaporation of large particles from a large residue and a complete decay into small fragments only. Charging the cluster shifts the transition to lower excitation energies and forces the transition to disappear for charges higher than Z = 8. At very high charges the fragmentation phase transition no longer occurs because the cluster Coulomb-explodes into small fragments even at excitation energy ε* = 0.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Zeitschrift fur Physik D-Atoms Molecules and Clusters|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics