Formation of alumina nanofibers in carbon-containing coflow laminar diffusion flames

Bing Guo, Hoon Yim, Zhi Ping Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Nano-fibrous materials have attracted continuing research interest because of potential applications due to their unique properties. We report, for the first time, formation of alumina nanofibers in carbon-containing coflow diffusion flames with pure oxygen support, using trimethylaluminum vapor as the precursor. The alumina nanofibers were non-crystalline, typically 2-10 nm in diameter and 20-210 nm in length. No alumina nanofiber formation was found in flames supported by air. Neither was alumina nanofiber formation found in flames with pure H2 as fuel. Thermophoretic samples showed that the nanofibers were formed in the region past the maximum temperature zone of the flame. The experimental data suggest that the alumina nanofibers were formed from gas-phase aluminum-containing species in the flame. Gas-phase carbon-containing species such as CO were probably crucial to the formation of the alumina nanofibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-384
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


  • Alumina nanofibers
  • Amorphous
  • Diffusion flame
  • Flame synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Atmospheric Science

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