Fog-assisted multiuser SWIPT networks: Local computing or offloading

Haina Zheng, Ke Xiong, Pingyi Fan, Zhangdui Zhong, Khaled Letaief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates a fog computing-assisted multiuser simultaneous wireless information and power transfer network, where multiple sensors with power splitting (PS) receiver architectures receive information and harvest energy from a hybrid access point (HAP), and then process the received data by using local computing mode or fog offloading mode. For such a system, an optimization problem is formulated to minimize the sensors' required energy while guaranteeing their required information transmissions and processing rates by jointly optimizing the multiuser scheduling, the time assignment, the sensors' transmit powers, and the PS ratios. Since, the problem is a mixed integer programming problem and cannot be solved with existing solution methods, we solve it by applying problem decomposition, variable substitutions, and theoretical analysis. For a scheduled sensor, the closed-form and semi-closed-form solutions to achieve its minimal required energy are derived, and then an efficient multiuser scheduling scheme is presented, which can achieve the suboptimal user scheduling with low computational complexity. Numerical results demonstrate our obtained theoretical results, which show that for each sensor, when it is located close to the HAP or the fog server, the fog offloading mode is the better choice; otherwise, the local computing mode should be selected. The system performances in a frame-by-frame manner are also simulated, which show that using the energy stored in the batteries and that harvested from the signals transmitted by previous scheduled sensors can further decrease the total required energy of the sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8642372
Pages (from-to)5246-5264
Number of pages19
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019



  • Energy harvesting (EH)
  • Fog computing (FC)
  • Fog offloading
  • Local computing
  • Mode selection
  • Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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