Flow characteristics of gallium in a meso-scale channel under the influence of magnetic fields

S. A.B. Al Omari, Y. Haik, B. Abu Jdayil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


Flow characteristics of the liquid metal (gallium) in a meso-scale channel under the influence of a magnetic field, are investigated numerically. Low Reynolds number flow is considered. Runs with a magnetic field that has different orientations relative to the main flow direction in the channel are conducted. The impact of the induced Lorentz force acting on the flow field is quantified. The channel in which the flow takes place has a maximum width of 2 mm and a total length of 8 mm. The study represents a precursor for future investigations that target enhancing heat transfer performance in small scale channels, that might be of importance for example in electronic cooling applications. The results show that different magnetic field orientations lead to significant changes in the flow field. The results also highlight the need for further such investigations to explore further the effect of the applied magnetic fields under different flow rates, different channel geometry, and different channel size conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1134
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010



  • Flow characteristics
  • Gallium
  • Liquid metal
  • Lorentz force
  • MHD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this