### Abstract

Finding the properties of a stream leaking from a pressure vessel, assuming it is in thermodynamic equilibrium, requires the solution of a phase equilibrium problem with known values of component amounts, entropy, and stagnation enthalpy. If part of dynamic simulations of leaking vessels, these calculations need to be executed hundreds or thousands of times. Ideally, they should be fast and never fail, even when executed for difficult conditions, such as high pressure systems close to phase boundaries or to critical points. This paper proposes a single loop algorithm to solve flash problems with specified values of entropy and stagnation enthalpy. The results show that it is much faster than a nested loop algorithm for the same purpose, but occasionally fails to converge especially very close to phase boundaries. The nested loop algorithm succeeded in these situations however at large computational cost because of multiple phase additions and removals during the course of the iterations. A satisfactory balance of speed and reliability was obtained by favoring the single loop algorithm but, when it fails, using the nested loop algorithm as a backup procedure.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 196-204 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Fluid Phase Equilibria |

Volume | 408 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 25 Jan 2016 |

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### Keywords

- Flash calculation
- Isentropic process
- Leaks
- Stagnation enthalpy
- Venting

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Physics and Astronomy(all)

### Cite this

**Flash calculations with specified entropy and stagnation enthalpy.** / Castier, Marcelo; Kanes, Rym; Vechot, Luc.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Fluid Phase Equilibria*, vol. 408, pp. 196-204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2015.09.006

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Flash calculations with specified entropy and stagnation enthalpy

AU - Castier, Marcelo

AU - Kanes, Rym

AU - Vechot, Luc

PY - 2016/1/25

Y1 - 2016/1/25

N2 - Finding the properties of a stream leaking from a pressure vessel, assuming it is in thermodynamic equilibrium, requires the solution of a phase equilibrium problem with known values of component amounts, entropy, and stagnation enthalpy. If part of dynamic simulations of leaking vessels, these calculations need to be executed hundreds or thousands of times. Ideally, they should be fast and never fail, even when executed for difficult conditions, such as high pressure systems close to phase boundaries or to critical points. This paper proposes a single loop algorithm to solve flash problems with specified values of entropy and stagnation enthalpy. The results show that it is much faster than a nested loop algorithm for the same purpose, but occasionally fails to converge especially very close to phase boundaries. The nested loop algorithm succeeded in these situations however at large computational cost because of multiple phase additions and removals during the course of the iterations. A satisfactory balance of speed and reliability was obtained by favoring the single loop algorithm but, when it fails, using the nested loop algorithm as a backup procedure.

AB - Finding the properties of a stream leaking from a pressure vessel, assuming it is in thermodynamic equilibrium, requires the solution of a phase equilibrium problem with known values of component amounts, entropy, and stagnation enthalpy. If part of dynamic simulations of leaking vessels, these calculations need to be executed hundreds or thousands of times. Ideally, they should be fast and never fail, even when executed for difficult conditions, such as high pressure systems close to phase boundaries or to critical points. This paper proposes a single loop algorithm to solve flash problems with specified values of entropy and stagnation enthalpy. The results show that it is much faster than a nested loop algorithm for the same purpose, but occasionally fails to converge especially very close to phase boundaries. The nested loop algorithm succeeded in these situations however at large computational cost because of multiple phase additions and removals during the course of the iterations. A satisfactory balance of speed and reliability was obtained by favoring the single loop algorithm but, when it fails, using the nested loop algorithm as a backup procedure.

KW - Flash calculation

KW - Isentropic process

KW - Leaks

KW - Stagnation enthalpy

KW - Venting

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84941695637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84941695637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.fluid.2015.09.006

DO - 10.1016/j.fluid.2015.09.006

M3 - Article

VL - 408

SP - 196

EP - 204

JO - Fluid Phase Equilibria

JF - Fluid Phase Equilibria

SN - 0378-3812

ER -