Flame synthesis of graphene films in open environments

Nasir K. Memon, Stephen D. Tse, Jafar F. Al-Sharab, Hisato Yamaguchi, Alem Mar B Goncalves, Bernard H. Kear, Yogesh Jaluria, Eva Y. Andrei, Manish Chhowal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few-layer graphene is grown on copper and nickel substrates at high rates using a novel flame synthesis method in open-atmosphere environments. Transmittance and resistance properties of the transferred films are similar to those grown by other methods, but the concentration of oxygen, as assessed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, is actually less than that for graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition under near vacuum conditions. The method involves utilizing a multi-element inverse-diffusion-flame burner, where postflame species and temperatures are radially-uniform upon deposition at a substrate. Advantages of the specific flame synthesis method are scalability for large-area surface coverage, increased growth rates, high purity and yield, continuous processing, and reduced costs due to efficient use of fuel as both heat source and reagent. Additionally, by adjusting local growth conditions, other carbon nanostructures (i.e. nanotubes) are readily synthesized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5064-5070
Number of pages7
JournalCarbon
Volume49
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Flame synthesis
Graphite
Graphene
Substrates
Nickel
Fuel burners
Nanotubes
Scalability
Copper
Chemical vapor deposition
Nanostructures
Carbon
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Vacuum
Oxygen
Processing
Costs
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Memon, N. K., Tse, S. D., Al-Sharab, J. F., Yamaguchi, H., Goncalves, A. M. B., Kear, B. H., ... Chhowal, M. (2011). Flame synthesis of graphene films in open environments. Carbon, 49(15), 5064-5070. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.07.024

Flame synthesis of graphene films in open environments. / Memon, Nasir K.; Tse, Stephen D.; Al-Sharab, Jafar F.; Yamaguchi, Hisato; Goncalves, Alem Mar B; Kear, Bernard H.; Jaluria, Yogesh; Andrei, Eva Y.; Chhowal, Manish.

In: Carbon, Vol. 49, No. 15, 12.2011, p. 5064-5070.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Memon, NK, Tse, SD, Al-Sharab, JF, Yamaguchi, H, Goncalves, AMB, Kear, BH, Jaluria, Y, Andrei, EY & Chhowal, M 2011, 'Flame synthesis of graphene films in open environments', Carbon, vol. 49, no. 15, pp. 5064-5070. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.07.024
Memon NK, Tse SD, Al-Sharab JF, Yamaguchi H, Goncalves AMB, Kear BH et al. Flame synthesis of graphene films in open environments. Carbon. 2011 Dec;49(15):5064-5070. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.07.024
Memon, Nasir K. ; Tse, Stephen D. ; Al-Sharab, Jafar F. ; Yamaguchi, Hisato ; Goncalves, Alem Mar B ; Kear, Bernard H. ; Jaluria, Yogesh ; Andrei, Eva Y. ; Chhowal, Manish. / Flame synthesis of graphene films in open environments. In: Carbon. 2011 ; Vol. 49, No. 15. pp. 5064-5070.
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