The effect of noble metal promoters (atomic ratio of promoter to Co = 1/170) on the activity and selectivity of a 25%Co/Al 2O 3 catalyst was studied at a similar CO conversion level of 50% at 493 K, 2.2 MPa and H 2/CO = 2.1 using a 1-L continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The results show that all promoted catalysts exhibited markedly higher initial CO conversion rates on a per gram catalyst basis than the unpromoted one, which was ascribed to increased Co site density when the promoters were present. This is because the Re, Ru, Pt and unpromoted Co catalysts give essentially the same initial Co TOF values of 0.092-0.105 s -1 (based on hydrogen-chemisorption). However, the initial Co TOF value for the Pd-Co catalyst was about 40% lower, which might be caused by Pd atoms segregating on the Co surface and partially blocking Co sites. At 50% CO conversion, Re and Ru promoters decreased CH 4 selectivity and increased C 5+ selectivity by nearly the same extent, whereas the opposite effect was observed for Pd and Pt promoters. The Re and Ru promoters had less of an impact on C 2-C 4 olefin selectivity (7.5-60%), but suppressed the secondary reaction of 1-C 4 olefin (from 14.3 to 9%) compared to the unpromoted one; however, the addition of Pd and Pt promoters resulted in lower olefin selectivity (4.4-55%) but higher 2-C 4 olefin selectivity (14.3 to 27-31%). Pt promotion had a negligible effect on C 4 olefin isomerization. The selectivity results were reproducible. Both Pt and Pd promoters slightly increased WGS activity, whereas Re and Ru promoters had a negligible effect. The Pd and Pt promoters were observed to slightly enhance oxygenate formation, while Re and Ru slightly decreased it.
- Co metal
- Co/Al O
- Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
- Hydrocarbon selectivity
- Hydrogen-chemisorption/pulse reoxidation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology