Fischer-tropsch synthesis

Differences observed in local atomic structure and selectivity with pd compared to typical promoters (Pt, Re, Ru) of Co/Al 2O 3 catalysts

Gary Jacobs, Wenping Ma, Pei Gao, Branislav Todic, Tejas Bhatelia, Dragomir B. Bukur, Syed Khalid, Burtron H. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pd was examined as a promoter for Fischer- Tropsch synthesis, and its effects on cobalt oxide reduction and product selectivities relative to commonly used promoters (i.e., Pt, Re, and Ru) at atomically equivalent levels were compared. Pd was identified to promote cobalt oxide reduction to even lower temperatures than Pt and Ru. However, Pd addition deleteriously affected product selectivity, and a clear shift to favor light products was observed. XANES analysis of an activated model catalyst revealed that Pd was in the reduced state. Local atomic structure was examined by EXAFS. Unlike Pt, Re, and Ru promoters, where previous investigations by groups such as Dr. Guczi's and ours have only observed coordination of the promoter with cobalt, Pd displayed both direct coordination to Co as well as other Pd atoms. The results suggest that this feature may be responsible for the measurably higher light gas selectivities observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-817
Number of pages7
JournalTopics in Catalysis
Volume55
Issue number11-13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

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Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Cobalt
Catalysts
Oxides
Gases
Atoms
Temperature
cobalt oxide

Keywords

  • Cobalt catalysts
  • Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
  • Pd-Co/Al O
  • Reduction promoters
  • Selectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Fischer-tropsch synthesis : Differences observed in local atomic structure and selectivity with pd compared to typical promoters (Pt, Re, Ru) of Co/Al 2O 3 catalysts. / Jacobs, Gary; Ma, Wenping; Gao, Pei; Todic, Branislav; Bhatelia, Tejas; Bukur, Dragomir B.; Khalid, Syed; Davis, Burtron H.

In: Topics in Catalysis, Vol. 55, No. 11-13, 08.2012, p. 811-817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jacobs, Gary ; Ma, Wenping ; Gao, Pei ; Todic, Branislav ; Bhatelia, Tejas ; Bukur, Dragomir B. ; Khalid, Syed ; Davis, Burtron H. / Fischer-tropsch synthesis : Differences observed in local atomic structure and selectivity with pd compared to typical promoters (Pt, Re, Ru) of Co/Al 2O 3 catalysts. In: Topics in Catalysis. 2012 ; Vol. 55, No. 11-13. pp. 811-817.
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abstract = "Pd was examined as a promoter for Fischer- Tropsch synthesis, and its effects on cobalt oxide reduction and product selectivities relative to commonly used promoters (i.e., Pt, Re, and Ru) at atomically equivalent levels were compared. Pd was identified to promote cobalt oxide reduction to even lower temperatures than Pt and Ru. However, Pd addition deleteriously affected product selectivity, and a clear shift to favor light products was observed. XANES analysis of an activated model catalyst revealed that Pd was in the reduced state. Local atomic structure was examined by EXAFS. Unlike Pt, Re, and Ru promoters, where previous investigations by groups such as Dr. Guczi's and ours have only observed coordination of the promoter with cobalt, Pd displayed both direct coordination to Co as well as other Pd atoms. The results suggest that this feature may be responsible for the measurably higher light gas selectivities observed.",
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