Finite element modeling and analysis of warm forming of aluminum alloys - Validation through comparisons with experiments and determination of a failure criterion

Hong Seok Kim, Muammer Koç, Jun Ni, Amit Ghosh

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39 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, thermomechanically coupled finite element analysis (FEA) was performed for forming aluminum rectangular cups at elevated temperatures. In order to identify the onset of a failure during FEA, applicability, accuracy, and repeatability of three different failure criteria (maximum load, minimum thickness, and thickness ratio) were investigated. The thickness ratio criterion was selected since it resulted in accurate prediction of necking-type failure when compared with experimental measurements obtained under a variety of warm forming conditions. Predicted part depth values from FEA at various die-punch temperature combinations and blank holder pressures conditions were also compared with experiments, and showed good agreement. Forming limit diagrams were established at three different warm forming temperature levels (250°C, 300°C, and 350°C). An increasing limiting strain was observed with increasing forming temperature both in FEA and experiments. In addition, strain distributions on the formed part obtained under different die-punch temperature combinations were also compared to further validate the accuracy of FEA. A high temperature gradient between die and punch (T die>T punch) was found to result in increased formability; i.e., high part depths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-621
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2006



  • Failure criterion
  • Finite element analysis
  • Lightweight materials
  • Warm forming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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