Fatigue performance improvement in AISI 4140 steel by dynamic strain aging and dynamic precipitation during warm laser shock peening

Chang Ye, Sergey Suslov, Bong Joong Kim, Eric A. Stach, Gary J. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Citations (Scopus)


Warm laser shock peening (WLSP) is a thermomechanical treatment technique combining the advantages of laser shock peening and dynamic strain aging (DSA). Through DSA, WLSP of steel increases the dislocation density and stabilizes the dislocation structure by pinning of mobile dislocations by carbon atoms. In addition, WLSP generates nanoscale carbide precipitates through strain-induced precipitation. The carbide precipitates stabilize the microstructure by dislocation pinning. This results in higher stability of the dislocation structure and thus improves the stability of the compressive residual stress. In this study the mechanism of fatigue performance improvement in AISI 4140 steel by WLSP is investigated. It is found that microstructures formed after WLSP lead to a higher stability of dislocation structures and residual stress, which are beneficial for fatigue performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1014-1025
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2011



  • AISI 4140 steel
  • Carbide
  • Dynamic precipitation
  • Dynamic strain aging
  • Warm laser shock peening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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