Fast and efficient separation of oil/saltwater emulsions with anti-fouling ZnO microsphere/carbon nanotube membranes

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Abstract

A large quantity of oily and saline wastewater produced from the oil spill and oil/gas production is posing severe ecological and environmental issues. Conventional techniques for oil removal, such as floating booms, hydrocyclones, and chemical dispersant are inefficient in removing emulsified oil and could generate secondary environmental pollution. In this paper, we report a novel approach for fast and efficient separation of oil/water emulsions in saline environments with a new flexible and hierarchically-structured inorganic membrane. This new membrane is constructed with micro/nanostructured ZnO microspheres and carbon nanotubes. The new membrane has proven experimentally to separate oil/ water emulsions in saline environments, with an oil rejection rate of over 99.5% and high water flux of 3844 L/(m2.h.bar) under low operating pressure, thanks to their hierarchical micro/nano-structures. The separation performances of the membranes were relatively constant after multiple cycles of reuse, which suggest its superior anti-oil-fouling property of this membrane, due to its excellent underwater oleophobicity. The carbon nanotubes function as an inorganic binder that binds ZnO microspheres together and hence gives this inorganic membrane mechanical flexibility. This study provides a simple and cost-effective solution for fast and efficient oil/water separation in saline environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100901
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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Keywords

  • Anti-fouling membrane
  • micro/nano-structures membrane
  • Oil-water separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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