Family history as an independent risk factor for incident coronary artery disease in a high-risk cohort in Utah

Paul N. Hopkins, Roger R. Williams, Hiroshi Kuida, Barry M. Stults, Steven Hunt, Gary K. Barlow, K. Owen Ash

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Abstract

To test the independence of family history of coronary artery disease (CAD) as a risk factor for the development of new clinical CAD, data collected at 2 clinic visits on 1,196 men and women, ages >20 years, were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard method. During a mean follow-up of 2.5 years, 16 new CAD cases were observed. After adjustment for age, sex, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, cigarette smoking and body mass index, family history remained a highly significant predictor of future CAD (p = 0.0017). Only age was a more significant covariate (p = 0.0001) than family history. Sex (p = 0.0074) and serum total cholesterol (p = 0.015) also contributed significantly to CAD incidence while high density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, body mass index and several interaction terms did not improve the prediction in this population. These results provide evidence for the existence of other heritable risk factors which appear to contribute strongly to the occurrence of early CAD in many high-risk families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-707
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume62
Issue number10 PART 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1988
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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