Faint-source-star planetary microlensing: The discovery of the cold gas-giant planet OGLE-2014-BLG-0676Lb

N. J. Rattenbury, D. P. Bennett, T. Sumi, N. Koshimoto, I. A. Bond, A. Udalski, Y. Shvartzvald, D. Maoz, U. G. Jørgensen, M. Dominik, R. A. Street, Y. Tsapras, F. Abe, Y. Asakura, R. Barry, A. Bhattacharya, M. Donachie, P. Evans, M. Freeman, A. FukuiY. Hirao, Y. Itow, M. C.A. Li, C. H. Ling, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, Y. Muraki, M. Nagakane, K. Ohnishi, H. Oyokawa, To Saito, A. Sharan, D. J. Sullivan, D. Suzuki, P. J. Tristram, A. Yonehara, R. Poleski, J. Skowron, P. Mróz, M. K. Szymański, I. Soszyński, P. Pietrukowicz, S. Kozłowski, K. Ulaczyk, Wyrzykowski, M. Friedmann, S. Kaspi, Khalid Al-Subai, P. Browne, J. M. Andersen, V. Bozza, S. Calchi Novati, Y. Damerdji, C. Diehl, S. Dreizler, A. Elyiv, E. Giannini, S. Hardis, K. Harpsøe, T. C. Hinse, C. Liebig, M. Hundertmark, D. Juncher, N. Kains, E. Kerins, H. Korhonen, L. Mancini, R. Martin, M. Mathiasen, M. Rabus, S. Rahvar, G. Scarpetta, J. Skottfelt, C. Snodgrass, J. Surdej, J. Taylor, J. Tregloan-Reed, C. Vilela, J. Wambsganss, A. Williams, G. D'Ago, E. Bachelet, D. M. Bramich, R. Figuera Jaimes, K. Horne, J. Menzies, R. Schmidt, I. A. Steele

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Abstract

We report the discovery of a planet - OGLE-2014-BLG-0676Lb- via gravitational microlensing. Observations for the lensing event were made by the following groups: Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics; Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment; Wise Observatory; RoboNET/Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope; Microlensing Network for the Detection of Small Terrestrial Exoplanets; and μ-FUN. All analyses of the light-curve data favour a lens system comprising a planetary mass orbiting a host star. The most-favoured binary lens model has a mass ratio between the two lens masses of (4.78 ± 0.13) × 10-3. Subject to some important assumptions, a Bayesian probability density analysis suggests the lens system comprises a 3.09-1.12+1.02 MJ planet orbiting a 0.62-0.22+0.20 M host star at a deprojected orbital separation of 4.40-1.46+2.16 au. The distance to the lens system is 2.22-0.83+0.96 kpc. Planet OGLE- 2014-BLG-0676Lb provides additional data to the growing number of cool planets discovered using gravitational microlensing against which planetary formation theories may be tested. Most of the light in the baseline of this event is expected to come from the lens and thus high-resolution imaging observations could confirm our planetary model interpretation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2710-2717
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume466
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Keywords

  • Gravitational lensing: micro
  • Planets and satellites: detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Rattenbury, N. J., Bennett, D. P., Sumi, T., Koshimoto, N., Bond, I. A., Udalski, A., Shvartzvald, Y., Maoz, D., Jørgensen, U. G., Dominik, M., Street, R. A., Tsapras, Y., Abe, F., Asakura, Y., Barry, R., Bhattacharya, A., Donachie, M., Evans, P., Freeman, M., ... Steele, I. A. (2017). Faint-source-star planetary microlensing: The discovery of the cold gas-giant planet OGLE-2014-BLG-0676Lb. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 466(3), 2710-2717. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw3185